Database Descriptions

A few of our datasets, including maternity leave, breastfeeding breaks at work, child marriage and minimum wage, can be visualized through our data dashboards. You can contact us directly if you have any questions about the availability and use of our policy data. If you have any questions about data points from 2014 onwards, please contact the WORLD team.

 
 
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Maternity Leave

Scope

Longitudinal data is available for every year between 1995-2013 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates.

Description

This dataset captures whether women have a legislated right to paid maternity leave and/or parental leave. Longitudinal information on maternity leave policies includes whether paid leave was available for mothers to care for their infants, its length, and the rate at which wages were replaced. Length of leave was recorded in weeks without distinguishing between what portions of the leave have to be taken before and after the birth of the child. We report the leave available under normal conditions and do not include additional entitlements for extraordinary circumstances such as multiple births, subsequent births, or childbirth complications. In recording the length of leave and the wage replacement rate we always assume that women meet all the qualifying conditions to receive payments, including work tenure and payments into Social Security.

Sources

In addition to sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Maternity Leave database:

 
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Breastfeeding breaks at work

Scope

Longitudinal data is available for every year between 1995-2013 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates.

Description

This dataset captures whether women have a legislated right to breastfeeding breaks at work. The dataset includes information on whether breastfeeding breaks at work were legally guaranteed to nursing female employees, whether they were paid, and for how long they were available.

The length of entitlement to breastfeeding breaks after birth is captured in terms of the age of the child. For countries that legislate the length of breastfeeding breaks in terms of time after a mother has returned to work and also provide paid maternity leave, the length of breaks is the sum of maximum post-birth paid maternity leave and the breastfeeding break entitlement.

Sources

In addition to sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Breastfeeding Breaks at Work database:

 
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Minimum age for marriage

Scope

Longitudinal data is available for every year between 1999 and 2012 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates.

Description

This dataset captures the minimum age at which boys and girls can legally marry. It also identifies whether exceptions can be made to minimum age laws. The database is coded for girls and for boys separately, so it is possible to analyze gender.

Sources

In addition to sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Minimum Age for Marriage database:

 
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Minimum wage

Scope

Longitudinal data is available for every year between 1999 and 2013 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates.

Description

This dataset captures whether a minimum wage policy exists in a country and quantifies the monthly minimum wage level over time. The minimum wages recorded in this database apply only to private sector workers, unless it is stipulated in the sources that private sector minimum wages cannot be lower than public sector minimum wages. One exception is self-declared socialist economies where the government/public sector has traditionally been one of the largest employers; in this case, we recorded minimum wage levels for the public sector.

In countries where the minimum wage is sector-specific or occupation-specific, we captured the minimum wage level applicable to either the manufacturing sector or unskilled workers.

Sources

In addition to sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Minimum Wage database:

 
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Unemployment insurance benefits

Scope

Longitudinal data has been coded every year between 1999 and 2012 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates. This database is not yet available for download.

Description

This dataset captures the existence of policies establishing cash benefits during unemployment. We do not currently record historical data on severance pay for employees.

Sources

In addition to the sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Unemployment Insurance Benefits database:

 
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Family cash benefits

Scope

Longitudinal data has been coded for every year between 1999 and 2012 for the 121 countries that have been surveyed by either the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) at least once between those dates. This database is not yet available for download.

Description

This dataset captures the existence of policies establishing family allowances that require the presence of children in the household as a condition for eligibility. Our database focuses on cash payments only.

We recorded cash payments that occur on a long-term/continuous basis, not one-time or short-term supplementary grants. Therefore the benefits in this database do not include payments such as birth or prenatal grants. We also indicate whether such benefits are subject to a means-test, and whether they are universal or only available to certain groups such as single-parent families, large families, or orphans.

Sources

In addition to the sources listed on the main pages, the following sources were used to code the Family Cash Benefits database:

 
©2016 World Vision/photo by Mark Nonkes

©2016 World Vision/photo by Mark Nonkes

Child labour

This dataset is currently under construction. Once finished it will capture the legal minimum age at which children are permitted to perform light, general and hazardous work as well as information on the number of hours children are permitted to work on school days and nights.